Persian cat a great companion
You want to adopt a new cat at home ? Are you interested in Persian cats ?
The choice of a new pet is not an insignificant choice because it must be made according to several parameters (lifestyle, if you have children, if you have other animals, etc).
But don't panic, we are passionate about this subject and know exactly how to help you. In this article, you will discover :
- What is a Persian cat and its origin?
- What does a persian cat look like ?
- The important things to know about this breed.
The Persian cat will have no more secrets for you. You will know all the information you need to know about this feline.
Let's discover it all together now.
1. The story of the Persian cat
The name of the breed refers to one of the ancestors of Persian, the Turkish Angora. This race which would come from the borders of Turkey and Iran, namely Persia, gave the Persian the gene responsible for its long-haired coat. This is why the word "Persian" was chosen to name the breed.
Another presumed ancestor would be a breed of cat found in Khorassan that possessed long gray hairs. Buffon describes the Khorasan cats as cats that "resemble in color to those we call Carthusian cats, and to the nearest color, they resemble perfectly those we call Angora cats". Indeed, Persian corresponded at the time to the blue variety of Angora, which was white.
Pietro della Valle is said to have brought back to Italy from his trips to Persia during the 16th century long-haired cats that did not exist in Europe at that time. These cats would first be reproduced in Italy, then introduced in France where they are appreciated by the women of the bourgeoisie.
The initiator of the fashion for long-haired cats in Europe was Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc (1580 - 1637), adviser to the Parliament of Aix-en-Provence, who introduced a couple to France. He had brought cats from Damascus as curiosities.
b. Development of the breed
Later, the breed arrived in Great Britain where it quickly became very popular. The fashion was exotic and it was called successively "French cat", "Chinese cat" and then "Indian cat". It ended up being called simply longhair, in connection with its fur.
In the course of the 19th century, the first Persians were created by crossing the angoras already present in England with European-type cats. The objectives concerning morphology and fur would have been reached by the British as early as the 1850s.
The first subjects were presented at the first cat show at the Crystal Palace in London in 1871. They were on display alongside the British shorthair cats of which the British were very proud.
At that time, a breeding program had already been set up by British breeders. We crossed longhair of the time with the British shorthair. The result was very round. A long work was first of all accomplished to improve the quality of the hair and to round the silhouette of the cat.
The British breeders worked thereafter to diversify the coats: the first Persians were unicolored, but from the end of the XIXth century, the particolored Persians (bicolored or tricolored) are presented at the exhibitions. In 1889, the first standard is established for a race henceforth named Persian.
The popularity of the breed quickly spread to the United States, which continued the selection work carried out by the English. The Americans went more to extremes, rounding up the Persian further and working on the diversity of colors. The cameo coat was thus created in the 1950s in the United States.
It is in 1930 that the American breeders managed to create a new variety of Persian: the "peke-face" or "pekinese" for the French-speaking breeders, which refers to the breed of Pekinese dogs which has a very flat head. The creation of this new variety generated many controversies in Europe as early as 1970, on the one hand the defenders of the "English" type and on the other hand the followers of the "American" type. This controversy concerning these types of Persians still exists today.
2. The personality of the Persian cat
Like its morphology, the character of the Persian has been the object of a severe selection: an exceptionally gentle and domestic temperament has been created, which ignores the typical wild instincts of its ancestors.
The Persian is calm and placid, he likes peace and the softness of idleness. He spends most of the day dozing, without being distracted by any movement or noise. The calmness that characterizes him does not make him "a slacker".
On the contrary, it often reveals a strong and aristocratic temperament. Even if he does not always show it, he has a great need for affection which he gives back with fidelity and sympathy.
a. Are persian cats friendly
Persian cats are friendly, sociable and can be very loving. They like to cuddle with their favorite human. They are definitely a cat that can't wait for you to come home from work so you can pay attention to them.
They can stay on their lap or close to their human for hours. He appreciates and gives hugs, but moderately, and when he likes it.
b. Can persian cats live outside
Persian cats can go outside, but it is better to keep them as indoor cats. Of course, there is no reason why a Persian cannot go outside, but considering its maintenance and cost, the risks of leaving it out outweigh the advantages it offers.
However, it is necessary to pay attention to outdoor conditions so as not to put your pet in trouble. Indeed, it is not the most adapted breed to live outside (morphology, respiratory problems, infections, ...).
c. How to make a persian cat happy
The Persian being an indoor cat, it is important to take care of it. This is why we have made a list of things that could make your cat happy.
- It is important to keep your cat active so that he can spend his energy.
- Install an observation post so that he can observe the outside (animals that are outside, etc.). You can do this with our cat window bed collection.
- Offer him a companion by adopting a second cat for example.
- Use catnip.
- Offer him the possibility to climb with a cat tree.
- Go for a walk with him.
- Give him all your love and affection.
3. What does a persian cat look like - how to identify persian cat
The Persian is a cat of medium to large size, characterized by a muscular body and fairly short legs that do not take away its imposing appearance. These cats have a pretty round head, with large eyes and developed cheeks; the forehead is also broad and rounded. They have a nose called "crushed", that is to say a little tucked inside the face with a marked "stop" between the eyes. Their ears, round and small in size, are rather far apart from each other and have an abundance of hair.
In terms of coat, Persians can have a wide variety of colors and patterns: chinchilla (gray), golden, tabby point (tiger or marbled), tortoise shell, bicolor, colorpoint (light color and darker tips), smoke (ashy) etc.. Their fur is always luxurious, thick and very soft to the touch.
- Size: medium to large (30 cm in adulthood)
- Weight: 3 to 5 kg
- Hair : long and silky, abundant undercoat.
- Color: wide range of dresses, plain or not (marbled, tiger, spotted, colorpoint)
- Life expectancy: 10 to 15 years
- Gestation period: 9 weeks
4. How many years persian cats live
The average expectation of the Persian cat is 13.5 years. Domestic Persian cats live between 10 and 15 years.
A well-balanced diet composed of dry and wet food (and water) will guarantee your cat all the nutrients it needs to stay healthy.
5. The health of the Persian
The life expectancy of Persians is particularly variable due to the fragile health of a large majority of the race, the average is probably around 10 to 15 years.
d. Resilient / robust
It is a breed that is not at ease with a cold, wet or snowy climate, and even less so in hot weather. Indeed, its coat gets tangled too easily and retains too much heat.
Its small nose does not always allow adequate air exchange to warm the cold air or to withstand the smogs of extreme heat, its large eyes are sensitive to wind and dryness, etc. Its place is definitely indoors, in a controlled climate.
e. Tendency to grow
His stature, his genetics and his not very active temperament can make him prone to being overweight. Special attention must be paid to his diet.
f. Frequent diseases in Persian cats
- Polycystic kidney disease, or polycystic kidney disease: an autosomal dominant genetic disease, it is very common in Persian people. It affects the kidneys and eventually causes kidney failure at about 7 years of age. There is a screening test and some breeders are working to establish lines free of the disease.
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: a disease that causes heart failure.
- Peritoneal-pericardial hernia: the passage of abdominal organs into the cavity where the heart is located, the pericardium.
- Progressive atrophy of the retina
- Corneal sequestration
- Cystitis and bladder stones
- The port-systemic shunt
- Polycystosis of the liver
- Skin diseases
- The Chediak-Higashi Syndrome
- Nasopharyngeal polyps
- Periodontal diseases
- Breathing problems related to his brachycephalic conformation.
6. Cohabitation with Persian cats
Are persian cats playful and nice
Persians are gentle cats that can be playful or calm and relaxed. Ideal with families and children, they love to relax in the house.
They also adapt well to a new environment and are suitable for busy and even noisy households.
g. Persian with dogs
Without saying that he does not appreciate them, there is a great risk that his temperament does not match the exuberant personality of many dogs. The introduction will have to be done in the right way, as well as the choice of the dog.
h. The Persian with other cats
The presence of another very boisterous cat might displease him. But he can also be very tolerant and accept a new companion, as long as he is given the opportunity to adapt.
i. Persian with Children
If the children respect him in his naps and are gentle in their gestures, he will enjoy their company and will even want to play with them, as long as the play is not too rough.
j. Persian with the elderly
This is the perfect cat for quiet people, it's the perfect cat for calm people! But we must not forget that it needs a daily maintenance quite demanding, and that, whatever the type of adopter, he must have the time and be comfortable to do it well ...
7. Are Persians hypoallergenic and hypoallergenic?
The Persian cat is not a hypoallergenic breed. Indeed, he has a long, dense and uniform fur all over his body.
8. How much does a persian cat cost
A Persian can cost between $400 and $2,000. Its price depends on its sex, its age at adoption, the pedigree of the parents, its conformity to the breed standards, etc. In general, females are slightly more expensive than males.
On a monthly basis, one should expect to pay 50$, sometimes more (in the evening about 600$ per year). Grooming fees are the main expenses to expect, but excellent quality food and veterinarian fees will also have a good part in the budget.
9. How to take care of your Persian cat
Persian maintenance requires special attention. The same is true for most cats, with basic care to be provided on a daily basis, and others such as nail trimming, which is to be done less regularly.
What to feed persian cats / what persian cats like to eat
Your Persian cat's flat face and short jaw may make it harder for him to eat dry food and drink enough water. Remember to feed your Persian cat dry cat food and supplement it with wet food.
This will help your kitty get all the nutrients she needs, while helping to keep her coat beautiful. Also, it is important to choose a good bowl for him, opt for a wide, shallow dish or a saucer with low sides.
For more details on feeding your cat, read our article: "How often should you feed a cat? ».
k. How often to bathe a persian cat
The National Cat Groomers of America recommends that cat owners give their cats a bath and dry them every 4 to 6 weeks to prevent their coats from becoming tangled or scratched.
l. Can i give milk to my persian cat
Cats do not have the enzymes to digest milk sugar. An enzyme called lactase is needed to digest the lactose in milk.
When kittens are small, they have the enzyme to digest milk. For older cats, this lactose is left in the intestine which ferments and causes indigestion, stomach upset. This is why the cat should not drink milk.
m. How to take care of persian cat hair
Persian cats have a long, silky double coat that mats and tangles easily if not brushed daily. A typical cat brush is not effective on the fur of a Persian cat. A wide-toothed comb is more effective at untangling the hair.
The problem areas are :
- Behind the ears,
- Under the chin,
- Stomach area and under the legs.
If you paint the entire coat every day (spending a little more time in the above mentioned areas), your cat will never get a knot or more rarely.
Persian care is especially important when participating in cat shows.
n. Do persian cats shed
Any pet loses hair naturally, unless you choose a pet that doesn't shed hair. However, Persians are known as a breed that requires a lot of maintenance. Their long hair falls out quite often.
o. Eye cleaning
Most Persian cats have "whiny" eyes and, if they are not removed, they can accumulate around the cat's eyes, sometimes leading to infection. Ideally, their eyes should be wiped gently twice a day with a special eye cleaning solution or simply with warm water on a paper towel or padded cotton ball. For more information, do not hesitate to ask your veterinarian for more information.
p. Cleaning of the ears
Persian cats have smaller ears than most breeds. Your kitty can develop an infection without you noticing it.
It is important to inspect your cat's ears as part of a grooming routine and clean them if they look oily or dirty.
Use a cotton ball moistened with ear cleaner to gently wipe the cat's ears.
Be sure to consult a veterinarian if there is any discharge or odor.
q. Nail clipping
Persians, like all cats, need their nails trimmed.
The front paw nails should be trimmed about every two weeks. Hind leg nails grow more slowly and can be trimmed less often.
r. Dental Care
Brushing the teeth of Persian cats, as with all other cats, will help reduce tartar build-up and prevent dental disease.
It is important to remember to offer a treat or a delicious wet food after each grooming session so that your pet makes a positive association.
If your cat does not tolerate grooming, contact your veterinarian or a grooming professional for help and advice.
You have understood it, the Persian is a very affectionate cat breed, endearing, easy to live with and who loves his owner.
With all this information, you are now an expert concerning the Persian cat.
Choosing a cat is not a decision to be taken lightly: you must be 100% sure of your choice.
This is why we suggest that you first inquire in order to choose a breed of cat adapted to your personal situation.
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